Settle Your Legal Matters With Expert Legal Advice From Professional Lawyers

There are lots of situations in which you would require the assistance of a lawyer. If you are going to sell property, inherit ancestral property, settle marital issues, start a company, etc you need the assistance of legal experts to ensure that all the legal aspects associated with these matters are closely scrutinized and all formalities correctly fulfilled such that there is no hassle later. Without a lawyer you will not know how the laws apply and ignorance of mandatory legal rules and regulations can result in serious complications. Lawyers study laws and regulations of the land and no one knows better than them. Why Do You Need The Assistance Of Expert Professional Lawyers? If you are seeking a legal consultant, check out expert lawyers in the city you live. For example, if you live in North London look out for professional lawyers in this area of London who can give expert legal advice in the matter for which you need assistance. If your need is advice on family law, check out a reputable family lawyer London to get advice on family law so that you can settle matters in your favor. When you take the advice of a professional lawyer, you can be sure of speedy proceedings as they know all the laws and the ways to settle the matter in the shortest possible time. In addition to family law, professional lawyers in North London also provide advice on s other matters like property disputes, sale deeds, etc. In case you require legal assistance with regards to property matters go to lawyers who deal with commercial and residential properties. All your sales and purchases, remortgage matters will dealt by their legal team. You will get the professional legal assistance on the latest laws applicable in such matters. All matter with regards to property is managed by property lawyers and hence taking their advice will enable you to prepare the necessary documents that are mandatory according to the U.K law on property. If you have to undertake any legal proceedings, they will prepare the legal documents that are necessary so that the proceedings can take place as per schedule. Hiring expert lawyers will certainly make your task a whole lot easier. The legal area is complex with many laws governing different aspects such as property, marriage, will, company law, and much more. Managing all the legal proceedings is impossible without their guidance. By taking legal advice you can also thwart unnecessary problems from people, avoid misunderstandings and also ensure that problems do not arise when you start something new such as a business, gain property inheritance. In order to get the legal advice that you require, it is essential that you make a personal appointment with the lawyer of your choice. North London lawyers provide the right guidance and deal every case with seriousness it deserves. You can be sure of finding the right legal solution and getting the matter resolved in the shortest possible time.

101 Everyday Reasons Not To Be Without Pre-Paid Legal’s Life Events Legal Plan

1. You don’t have an up-to-date will. 2. You don’t understand the difference between a trust and a will. 3. Family members challenge your parent’s will. 4. You don’t understand your health insurance plan or the new Medicare Prescription Act. 5. The IRS selects you for an audit. 6. Your parents die and leave you executor of their estate. 7. You are tired of hidden fees at your bank. 8. You have a retirement savings plan. 9. You change jobs. 10. You receive a speeding ticket. 11. You are buying or selling your home. 12. Your driver’s license is suspended. 13. Your landlord raises rent in violation of your verbal agreement. 14. Your teenager is accused of shoplifting. 15. You decide to change your name. 16. Your new washing machine doesn’t wash. 17. Creditors threaten to take action against you for your ex-spouse’s debts. 18. A neighbor or school reports you for child abuse. 19. You adopt a child. 20. A friend or neighbor is injured on your property. 21. Your dog bites an elderly passerby. 22. A friend owes you money and files bankruptcy. 23. A stranger calls and demands money or damaging information will be released. 24. Your car is damaged by a hit-and-run driver. 25. You accidentally back over a neighbor’s garbage can. 26. A hairdresser damages your hair with harsh chemicals. 27. Your car is repossessed unjustly. 28. You are subpoenaed. 29. You are called to jury duty. 30. Your long drive off the tee injures another player. 31. You need a lease agreement reviewed. 32. Your son is injured in a football game. 33. A neighbor trips over a rake in your yard. 34. A jeweler sells you defective merchandise. 35. A car dealership gains illegal access to your credit history. 36. You are hit by a bottle at a baseball game. 37. A tenant falls down stairs and sues you. 38. Your dog is poisoned. 39. You are injured when you slip on a wet floor in a public building. 40. Your cattle trample a neighbor’s garden. 41. Your neighbor’s dog barks for hours every night. 42. Your teenager gets a speeding ticket. 43. Your landlord enters your apartment without permission. 44. Your child throws a baseball through a neighbor’s car window. 45. You don’t have a living will or medical power of attorney. 46. Your boat is damaged while in storage. 47. Your landlord refuses to refund your cleaning deposit. 48. You lose an expensive watch in a hotel and the manager denies liability. 49. A speeding car nicks your car bumper because you have parked in the street. 50. A merchant refuses to honor a guarantee. 51. You have an accident driving your friend’s boat. 52. Your spouse claims a right to your earnings. 53. A record club sends merchandise after you cancel your membership. 54. You are refused service at a restaurant. 55. A property manager refuses to rent to you. 56. You are denied credit for no apparent reason. 57. You are fired. 58. The auto repair shop threatens small claims court for money you don’t owe. 59. Your car insurance is cancelled when your teenager is involved in an accident. 60. Your child needs special education in public school. 61. You made a sizable gift to charity. 62. Angry words result in a slander law suit. 63. You need a patent for an invention. 64. You need a copyright for your manuscript. 65. You are wrongly accused of committing a crime. 66. Your right to privacy has been invaded. 67. Your car is vandalized in a parking lot. 68. A postal carrier slips on your unshoveled walk and breaks his or her leg. 69. You have a housekeeper in your home. 70. You are stopped for speeding and a friend is in possession of marijuana. 71. Your teenager wrecks the car and a friend is injured. 72. You care for your elderly parents. 73. You receive social security disability or Medicaid. 74. You are cheated by a door-to-door salesman. 75. A repairman charges more than a given estimate. 76. A creditor tries illegal collection tactics. 77. An accident results in a personal injury. 78. You are scheduled to appear in small claims court. 79. Your new house has bad plumbing and a leaky roof. 80. You take a vacation and your “room with a view” is a view of the trash dumpster. 81. A minor is caught breaking into your home. 82. You have a fender bender while driving a friend’s car. 83. You have liability questions in launching a new business. 84. A former employer refuses to pay you your final compensation. 85. Your neighbor’s dog bites your child. 86. You have a property line dispute over a newly installed fence. 87. You’re asked to testify as a witness to a robbery. 88. You need a premarital agreement. 89. You’re buying or selling a car. 90. Your child’s school demands a drug or alcohol test. 91. Your bank sends a foreclosure notice after one house payment is late. 92. A retail store won’t accept the return of defective merchandise. 93. A repairman won’t stand behind his work. 94. A trespasser is caught poaching on your land. 95. You are leasing acreage. 96. You receive a letter from a creditor and it is not your debt. 97. A bank turns you into a credit bureau unjustly. 98. You need advice concerning a divorce. 99. You own your own small business. 100. You can’t make heads or tails out of the new tax forms. 101. Your husband or wife uses physical force against you. Life Events Legal Plan Our product is a “Life Events Legal Plan”. This means the Pre-Paid Legal membership isn’t only a “fix” for sudden and unforeseen events. The plan is designed to provide the common legal services our members need throughout the course of their lives. In essence the “Life Events” nature of our legal plan actually encourages members to call their provider law firms when life happens and legal Counsel is essential. Members walk through events more confident and with less stress. The plan offers features to help when life gets more complicated as well. Ask your independent associate for a brochure that illustrates the benefits available in your state or province.

Hairdressing Industry And Its Governing Bodies

The hairdressing industry as various governing bodies intended to protect the client and the hair salon

NHF
National Hairdressers’ Federation (NHF) provides salon members with help and information for the hair industry currently has over 6,000 members, which includes small and medium salons that include hair and beauty salons, and Independent Chair Renters.

The NHF works on behalf of its members to raise the professionalism and commitment to the hair and beauty industry. Members have access to a range of benefits, including services, products, advice and information that help them to develop their business, including access to a free legal helpline, salon insurance, discounted rates on PPL Licences. It helps its member through representation legal and employement advice.

If a salon displays it’s a member of the NHF this does mean it better than another salon down the road. Although it should be noted that the hair salon itself takes its business and contractual arrangements seriously.

AHT
Association of Hairdressers and Therapists, founded in 1963 by a group of hairdressing teachers as a like minded national network of specialists who exchange good practice and support. This organisations members are more made up from the educational sector of hairdressing. Ranging from lecturers, teachers and assessors who hold relevent teaching qualifications or are working toward achieving those qualifications. The AHT holds National Training initatives, events and specialist demonstrations across its network.

HABIA
In 1986, the Hairdressing Training Board (HTB) was formed with the objective of working with employers, educators and government to design and implement training and education programmes for the hairdressing industry.

Habia is the government appointed standards setting body for hair, beauty, nails, spa therapy, barbering and African type hair, and creates the standards that form the basis of all qualifications including NVQs, SVQs, Apprenticeships, Diplomas and Foundation degrees, as well as industry codes of practice.

In 1997, HTB, HTB Scotland, and the Beauty Industry Authority (BIA) formed the Hairdressing and Beauty Industry Authority (HABIA) to include the beauty therapy industry within its remit. Habia was formally launched by Dr Kim Howells, then Minister for Lifelong Learning, at that year’s Salon International exhibition.

By 2001, the organisation was being referred to by its initials, HABIA, and by the end of 2004 the decision was made to officially make the company name Habia. By this time, nail services and spa therapy had been added to Habia’s remit.

Habia was officially recognised by the government as a National Training Organisation (NTO) until these were abolished in 2001. Currently, Habia is recognised by the government as the Standards Setting Body for the hair, beauty, nails and spa sectors (including barbering and African Caribbean hair). The core responsibilities for Standards Setting Bodies include sector research and information, national occupational standards, qualifications strategy and learning frameworks. A central point of contact for information, Habia provides guidance on careers, business development, legislation, salon safety and equal opportunities, and is responsible to government on industry issues such as education and skills.

Habia raises the profile of its industries through the press and media, and is the first port of call for news organisations and broadcasters on news items and background information.

Habia also delivers solutions direct to:
salons – to help them understand complex legislation such as health & safety and employment law, improve client retention and raise business performance;
employees – to gain the skills that employers need to stay up to date with client demand and the latest techniques, equipment and products, as well as where to go to access learning and suitable qualifications;
trainers – to deliver qualifications with training support manuals, and to create successful teaching programmes including induction and initial assessment;
learners – by offering books and teaching guides directly related to their studies, and by providing advice on career paths and qualifications.

HABIA is very similar to the NHF in its support for salons and individuals.

The Future For Hair Associations
State registration is looking like a possible requirement for hair salons moving forward to promote best practice and tidy up the industry

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The Life And Career Of Ewan Sheriff

Having always been keen on sports, Ewan Sheriff participated in football, golf, curling, swimming and rugby throughout his time at both school and university.

Mr Sheriff holds eighteen years of high-profile experience in the Commercial, Real Estate and Asset Management arenas, with high-exposure firms located in Edinburgh, Glasgow, London, Dubai and Abu Dhabi, respectively. At the end of 2009, having long held an interest in the Middle East and it’s business opportunities, Ewan Sheriff sought to embrace the regions richer and more balanced lifestyle for himself, his wife and his three young children. The Sheriff family relocated from Edinburgh, UK to Dubai, UAE in April 2010 and have never looked back. Mr Sherriff himself has embraced learning about a new legal system, and continues to enjoy the vast cultural and lifestyle offerings of the region. Being a keen sportsman, Ewan continues to root for his Celtic football team from abroad, as well as running, swimming and playing football in Dubai. He and his wife remain avid travellers and his family keen skiers.

The Dubai & Abu Dhabi based firm of Davidson & Co. Welcomed Ewan Sheriff to their team in late 2009, where he now holds the title of Partner in Corporate and Commercial Real Estate. Davidson is a leading-edge, United Arab Emirate speciality firm of western-trained lawyers, with in-house Emirati Counsel; a model which continues to increase market share. To date, Mr Sheriff has implemented key operational methodologies and Anti-Money Laundering Law procedures to instil the standardization of corporate wide activity. In keeping with his career concentration, Ewan continues to advise on corporate and commercial contract matters, UAE Vehicles of Incorporation, Commercial Real Estate transactions, Asset Management and Origination.

The credentials and standing of Ewan Sheriff as a true professional are in no doubt and he is often praised by clients and co-workers alike. Over the years he has become well known in the industry for his wide-spread knowledge in across several sectors and is renowned for his limitless dedication when it come to being part of a team. There are many examples of external praise and here is one example – a comment about Ewan made in the Chambers Directory from his time working in the UK..

Chambers Directory comment:
“The dynamic leadership of Ewan Sheriff has seen this Edinburgh-based team’s profile escalate dramatically in recent months – indeed, many sources believe that the practice “would be a pale imitation of itself without him.” The group is renowned for its representation of Irish investors in property acquisitions, but also handles leasing, investment, development and funds work and supports the firm’s superb corporate department. The team recently represented Belfast-based William Ewart on its £267 million acquisition of the Gyle Shopping Centre, near Edinburgh”

The Advantages Of Permission Based Marketing With Email – An Element Each On-line Enterprise Should Implement

Email marketing is continuously getting attention as years go by. Marketing is building a shift towards the web and e-mail marketing is among the main fields that promoters are receiving into.

On the other hand, whether or not e-mail marketing is obtaining most liked, it really is somewhat obtaining a notorious image on account of spammers. Spam is a term used for unsolicited emails which marketers use in order to convey their marketing message. There is a great deal of action that’s taken place in various states against spamming. You can truly be sued as a consequence of spamming.

Surveys have shown that around 70% of folks that obtain spam emails are somewhat annoyed or agitated. Majority of men and women don’t even open emails from suspicious senders or from individuals and corporations whom they do not recognize. They open emails from persons and companies whom they recognize and get affiliations with. This is the drama inside the marketing via email field.

Having said that, e-mail marketing isn’t coming to its end yet. There are methods on the way to legally and ethically send marketing messages by way of electronic mail. 1 of the methods is “permission-based” marketing via email.

Permission e-mail marketing, since the name implies, takes note the consent of your receiver in accepting emails containing marketing materials. Permission might be expressed or implied. Expressed permission is solicited anyone check a box which states they would wish to obtain email updates and ads concerning a certain services or products. When they click on the “terms of agreement” of your certain internet site, it usually is regarded as that there’s an implication of consent to get specific email messages.

You will discover numerous of advantages that permission e-mail marketing gives a promoter as compared with spamming. Here are some of them:

1) Legality

As pointed out above, spamming is considered being an illegal activity and a few states have developed laws and measures so as to stop spammers. Permission-based email marketing is perfectly legal this also erases the risks and feasible costs which can be related with being sued.

2) Ethical

Permission e mail marketing is seen as an ethical substitute for spamming. Even if you are not sued for spamming, it doesn’t imply that folks aren’t irritated because of the unsolicited emails. Sending ads that are permitted through the receiver are given a “go-signal” and it is considered totally ethical.

3) Promotes a superb image

Providers which employ spamming activities to be able to marketplace their products are immediately hated by way of the individuals who receive their emails. Permission-based e-mail marketing gives a business as well as its item an excellent corporate image and thus much more appreciated through the targeted audience.

4) Customers

Permission email marketing channels precious resources right audience. Spamming throws marketing efforts just as if the promoter is blind. Those who give their consent to receive emails regarding topics which have been appealing to them are individuals who are willing to spend funds for products as field. As a result, the appropriate target market is reached as an alternative to carelessly spreading the marketing message.

5) Avoids costs

Permission based email marketing avoids added costs. In addition to channeling resources to reach the correct audience, permission marketing avoids costs which are related by being sued by those who have been significantly irritated by spam emails. Other sanctions which can be involved with spamming consists of the foreclosure of the company’s ISP.

6) Appreciation

Marketing via email which is permitted is accepted by individuals with open arms. Spamming is not actually accepted by the public in fact it is finest that 1 does not participate in this activity.

A survey was over by a corporation known as IMT Methods in 2001 in connection with the effects of permission email marketing versus the response that searchers make from receiving unsolicited email. 48% of folks that receive marketing materials making use of their permission are curious to learn the emails while only 16% have an interest to read unsolicited email. The volume of individuals who deleted e-mail marketing messages with permission are 50 % of those who deleted unsolicited email.

Permission e-mail marketing gives specific advantages against spamming. It can be a legal and ethical strategy for marketing via electronic mail and receives acceptance through the target audience.

Where Can I Find Karaoke Mp3?

There is no such thing as a truly free, karaoke MP3. While sites like Ez-tracks offer “101 free legal karaoke songs,” the price you pay makes you subject to advertisement after advertisement. They pop up on the page, they invade your email inbox, they interrupt your song searches.

For some it is well worth it, but others just want an easier system. One would think that the iTunes store would be full of karaoke tunes, although the offerings are still unimpressive for the seasoned veteran and many tracks don’t have lyrics automatically included. Despite these setbacks, there are a number of places to look for online karaoke music.

There are several things to look for when downloading karaoke MP3 files. Some files feature recordings from the original band members, with the vocals removed. Others have professional recording artists performing the tracks, with the vocals removed.

Other tracks come with the vocals and allow you to cancel out the vocals on your karaoke system, if your system comes with that feature. It is important to understand the features and the limitations of your karaoke equipment before you start browsing for music.

Another factor to consider is its extension. Most downloads will come as “.mp3” files, although some may say “midi,””mp3+g” or “mp4.” Midi sometimes sounds like keyboard music and is often a very different version, so you will want to avoid those.

The MP3+G are good because they have the lyrics included that can be output to video. MP4 format may be a music file and an accompanying music video file, which is fine if you want the videos more than the lyrics.

It is a natural assumption that where there is the internet, there is free everything. Unfortunately, the market selling karaoke downloads is still pretty hot and you are not likely to find any sites offering free karaoke MP3 files. You may be able to find some downloads on peer-to-peer applications like LimeWire or BearShare; however, these sites are growing increasingly more unreliable and havens for computer viruses.

Newsgroups like Usenet-Replayer may have online karaoke files for download, although these sites are fairly limited in their offerings. IRC file sharing channels like Searchirc or Ircnetsplit are popular ways of getting downloads because of the vast amount of accessible content, although it is technically illegal to share content this way, it may leave your computer vulnerable to hackers and it isn’t user friendly.

There are a number of sites offering legal karaoke MP3 files for purchase. At Singme, you can download karaoke MP3s for 88 cents and video karaoke for $1.50. They specialize in children’s music, nursery rhymes, gospel and holiday music.

At Amazon, you can download 73,219 karaoke MP3s for 89 to 99 cents each. Other sites with large selections are Karaoke, Karaoke-version and Ez-tracks. With a monthly subscription to Napster for $12.95/month, you can download unlimited karaoke music files to be played on your computer or your iRiver.

Legal Talks: Judicial Binding Precedent Vs Judge Made Law

The question on judicial precedent being the binding precedent has to be distinctly differentiated. Binding precedent confirms to the hierarchy of courts whereas mere precedent could be persuasive. Today, this doctrine is in the danger of fading off due to the departure mechanism being a tool for judges to move away from the precedent created by higher courts or the same capacity courts. Whilst such endeavor, the question arises does this leads to judges to be a “judicial legislator” i.e. to make law. This discretion apparently is argued as too liberal because the orthodox belief that judge should only interpret statutes and higher court’s decision by looking into the “ratio decidendi” and “obiter dicta” is being defeated. Obviously, this is their constitutional role.

The doctrine of “stare decisis” would sufficiently mean all cases which have similar facts that shall be treated alike simply for the reason for the degree of certainty and in order to avoid injustice at the same time restricts unduly development of law to some extent. However, what generally binds is the ratio decidendi which is the material significant decision and not the obiter dicta which is merely the significant opinion or view provided by either assenting or dissenting judges in the higher court. This argument today is being whittle down for the reason of the attitude of judges i.e. the school of thought of declaratory theory and judge made law theory.

Judges who adhere to the declaratory theory of law where the allegiance owed to the parliament which is considered to be the most supreme law making body based on doctrine of parliamentary supremacy and notion of separation of powers, judges consider themselves to be merely interpretative. Those who belonged to this school of thought undoubtedly Ld Simmonds, Ld Hodson and Ld Salmon who do not give room for judicial creativity and label themselves as passivists judge.

On the contrary, some judges do create reasons and do not want to mechanically follow higher court’s decision by creating new law or expanding the old law. The question is who lingers on this arguments without doubt is Ld Denning or Ld Woolf who have this contention that they’re activist judge whom I would daringly say has created many rooms on judicial creativity. One of the case that ought to be applauded by Ld Denning was Central London Property Trust v High Trees House where he championed the doctrine of Promissory Estoppel and also in the case of Brb v Harington that an occupier owes a duty of care to non-visitors based on grounds of common humanity which later this principle was formed in the Occupier’s Liability Act 1984. this evidently shows that activists judges have prompted parliament to enact law while the conservative beliefs would be enactment of Parliament prompted judges to make law.

To reconcile this two position could be an attempt which would be beyond imagination because this is two different world of school of thoughts. It can be easily concluded that it is the attitude of judges respectively that brings about the judge made law theory on their own whims and fancies probably out of necessity and for want of justice.

However, the departing tools of the exception as laid out by Ld Gardiner in Practice Statement 1966 for the HoL and the Young v Bristol Aeroplane exception has seeped into the system besides the distinguishing factors as what Prof. M. Zander profoundly said “distinguishing the indistinguishable” to some extent.

Hence, there seems to be too many opinions on whether this doctrine of binding precedent is a myth or is it a rule of law that all judges should adapt the “stare decisis” attitude. Prof. Glanville Williams found it strange that the authority that precedent is binding them is the normal HoL instead of parliamentary authority. This clearly indicates why should a judge follow higher authority’s decision besides parliament. Sir Rubert Cross was on the contrary opinion where he indicated that a judge is bound by ratio decidendi. This jurisprudential debate has been going too long. however, there has been no attempt by parliament to put a stop, hinder or prevent that judge made law theory. But whenever lower courts depart from their decision, [higher courts] they are normally reprimanded and admonished upon an appeal either by overruling or reversing which is best illustrated when Murphy v Brentwood District Council overruled Anns v Merton, Anderton v Ryan being overruled by R v Shivpuri, and DPP v Lynch being overruled by R v Harvey.

The question as to what extent the doctrine of binding precedent allows judges to make law would be to be accurately stated depends on other factors such as some judges would avoid the clutches of an unwelcome precedent. Some judges do not believe in the fairy tales of cases. Some judges believe that an adjudication must be settled according to the growth of time and the sophistication of today’s world. some judges also believes that “nakedly usurping the function of parliament” as Ld Simmonds indicated and as what Ld Denning identified his position that at times judges ought to “fill up the gaps” that was unintended by parliament.

Looking at the above argument, it would be wrong to say that the doctrine of binding precedent allows judges to make law; but rather it helps to develop law w/o limits. Another stand would be the various departure mechanisms available to the judge although each mechanism can only be exercised with their respective limitations which again was created by judges has prompted judges to make law rather. As what prof. M. Zander’s that precedents should be treated as the next best evidence rule” and judges will always wish to have the best evidence or precedents as the case may be. This view reflects the fluidity and flexibility of the common law system and the actual practice of courts.

Dr. Phil’s Ten Life Laws in Five Minutes or Less

Dr. Phil McGraw is one of the most recognized and most controversial talk show hosts in America. Many people credit him for changing their lives. Others are turned off his abrasive, confrontational style. Dr. Phil McGraw has a PHD in psychology and practiced for 25 years. He then turned this experience with how the human mind operates into a hugely successful legal career as a trial strategist. It was through this work that he met Oprah Winfrey, who was so impressed with his style and his insights on life that she brought him to television and made him the TV star he is today. Dr. Phil considers himself a student of human nature first and foremost.

In his 1999 book “Life Strategies: Doing What Works, Doing What Matters,” he lays out his ten laws of life. As he puts it; “No one is going to ask you if you think these laws are fair, or if you think they should exist. Like the law of gravity, they simply are.” Agree or disagree – that’s Dr. Phil’s style.

Life Law #1: You either get it or you don’t.

According to Dr. Phil, those who “get it” understand how things work and have a strategy to create the results they want. Those who don’t are stumbling along looking puzzled, and can be found complaining that they never seem to get a break.

Life Law #2: You create your own experience.

This means taking responsibility for your life. Dr. Phil doesn’t believe in victimhood. If you’re in a bad relationship, if you’re in a job you hate, if you’re overweight, then you have no one to blame but yourself.

You are creating the situations you are in and the emotions that flow from those situations. You will never fix a problem by blaming someone else. Instead, start choosing the right behaviors and thoughts. Eventually, it will lead to the positive outcomes you want.

Life Law #3: People do what works.

Even the most destructive behaviors have a payoff. If they didn’t, you wouldn’t do them, right? So, if you want to stop behaving in a certain way, you have to recognize what you are gaining from it. Then figure out other, more constructive ways you can gain what you need.

Life Law #4: You cannot change what you do not acknowledge.

If you’re unwilling or unable to identify and consciously acknowledge your negative behaviors, characteristics or life patterns, then you will not change them. (In fact, they will only grow worse and become more entrenched in your life.) You’ve got to face it to replace it.

Acknowledgment means slapping yourself in the face with the brutal reality, admitting that you are getting payoffs for what you are doing, and giving yourself a no-kidding, bottom-line truthful confrontation. You cannot afford the luxury of lies, denial or defensiveness.

Life Law #5: Life rewards action.

Talk is cheap. It’s what you do that determines the script of your life. Measure yourself and others based on results — not intentions or words. Decide that you are worth the risk of taking action, and that your dreams are not to be sold out. Know that putting yourself at risk may be scary, but it will be worth it. You must leave behind the comfortable and familiar if you are to move onward and upward.

Life Law #6: There is no reality, only perception.

You know and experience this world only through the perceptions that you create. You have the ability to choose how you perceive any event in your life, and you exercise this power of choice in every circumstance, every day of your life. No matter what the situation, you choose your reaction, assigning meaning and value to an event.

Life Law #7: Life is managed; it is not cured.

You are a life manager, and your objective is to actively manage your life in a way that generates high-quality results. You are your own most important resource for making your life work. Success is a moving target that must be tracked and continually pursued.

Effective life management means you need to require more of yourself in your grooming, self-control, emotional management, interaction with others, work performance, dealing with fear, and in every other category you can think of. You must approach this task with the most intense commitment, direction and urgency you can muster.

Life Law #8: We teach people how to treat us.

You either teach people to treat you with dignity and respect, or you don’t. This means you are partly responsible for the mistreatment that you get at the hands of someone else. You shape others’ behavior when you teach them what they can get away with and what they cannot.

Life Law #9: There is power in forgiveness.

Hate, anger and resentment are destructive, eating away at the heart and soul of the person who carries them. Forgiveness is not about another person who has transgressed against you; it is about you. Forgiveness is about doing whatever it takes to preserve the power to create your own emotional state. It is a gift to yourself and it frees you.

Life Law #10: You have to name it before you can claim it.

Not knowing what you want — from your major life goals to your day-to-day desires — is not OK. The most you’ll ever get is what you ask for. If you don’t even know what it is that you want, then you can’t even ask for it. You also won’t even know if you get there!

By being specific in defining your goal, the choices you make along the way will be more goal-directed. You will recognize which behaviors and choices support your goals — and which do not. You will know when you are heading toward your goal, and when you are off track.

Those are Dr. Phil’s 10 Life Laws, I hope you enjoyed them. Now for our question of the day. Of the 10 laws, which ones do you consider the most important? Are there any that Dr. Phil has left out? Please let us know in the comments below.

Thanks for watching, and a special Thank You to Dr. Phil for all of your contributions to the world of Self Improvement!

Legal Talks: Re A (Children) Conjoined Twins: Surgical Separation (2000)

Jodie and Mary are conjoined twins. They each have their own brain, heart and lungs and other vital organs and they each have arms and legs. They are joined at the lower abdomen. Whilst not underplaying the surgical complexities, they can be successfully separated. But the operation will kill the weaker twin, Mary. That is because her lungs and heart are too deficient to oxygenate and pump blood through her body. She is alive only because a common artery enables her sister, who is stronger, to circulate life sustaining oxygenated blood for both of them. Separation would require the clamping and then the severing of that common artery. Within minutes of doing so Mary will die. Yet if the operation does not take place, both will die within three to six months, or perhaps a little longer, because Jodie’s heart will eventually fail.

The parents cannot bring themselves to consent to the operation. The twins are equal in their eyes and they cannot agree to kill one even to save the other. As devout Roman Catholics, they sincerely believe that it is God’s will that their children are afflicted as they are and they must be left in God’s hands. The doctors are convinced they can carry out the operation so as to give Jodie a life which will be worthwhile. So the hospital sought a declaration that the operation may be lawfully carried out. Johnson J. granted it on 25th August 2000. The parents applied to the Royal Courts of Justice, London, for permission to appeal against his order.

The question, or rather questions, that arose out of this was:-

1. Does medical possibility entail legal and ethical necessity?
2. Are some lives more sacred than the other?

In deciding, the courts has relied on the defence of necessity as in Airedale NHS Trust v Bland (1993) where, as mentioned in bold above:- “Separation would require the clamping and then the severing of that common artery.” where clamping of the blood supplies in Re A is similar to withdrawal of artificial feeding that was deemed as lawful in Airedale NHS as patient was in persistent vegetative state, and hence maintenance of life was only by artificial feeding.

In distinguishing, it has to be noted that in Airedale NHS, withdrawal of artificial feeding was fair as patient was only surviving due to the artificial feeding. Persistent vegetative state, although not recognized by statute as death, is a condition of patients with severe brain damage who were in a coma. In this case, Tony Bland sustained catastrophic and irreversible damage to the higher centres of the brain and several attempts were made by Dr Howe and his team, along with Bland’s father, sister and mother, to try to elicit some response from him and for some signs of interaction. However, all attempts failed and he showed no sign of being aware of anything that took place around him.

Scans shows that whilst the brain stems remains intact, there was no cortical activity. The person who was Anthony Bland was gone and there was no reasonable possibility of recovery. With the support of his parents, the hospital applied for a court order allowing him to ‘die with dignity’.

In stark contrast, while the case of Re A relied heavily on the defence of necessity as in Airedale NHS, it has to be noted that the clamping of blood supplies took place while Mary was still alive, albeit being less viable than Jodie. The act of clamping the blood supplies was an intentional act as laid down in R v Woolin where as long as the act results in reasonable foreseeable consequences, it is sufficient to satisfy the mens rea element for murder.

Also, while in Airedale NHS, the removal of the artificial feeding was with the approval of the family members, in Re A however, the act to sacrifice Mary in order to let Jodie live, was not agreeable by Jodie and Mary’s parents, who were devout Roman Catholics.

In defence, Ward LJ has stated rather adamantly that courts are not court of morals.

Mary may have a right to life, but she has little right to be alive – she is killing Jodie. She sucks the lifeblood of Jodie. Mary will survive only so long as Jodie survives. Jodie will not survive long because constitutionally, she will not be able to cope. Mary’s parasitic living will be the cause of Jodie’s ceasing to live.

Ward LJ even went on further to say:

Prohibition of intentional killing was recognised as being “the cornerstone of law and social relationships” and is of “supreme moral value”. However… this is not an absolute rule. Life must be protected from unjust attack and deliberate taking of life is prohibited unless in self defense or in the legitimate defense of others.

My question, is this: Are some life more sacred than the other?

Doctor’s duty, in law, is to protect lives and it is widely known that an act by which a doctor’s primary intention is to bring about a patient’s death would be unlawful. Thus, can these decisions about the relative worth of life of an individual be legally made, when these decisions results in the loss of life that is considered to be less worthy.

The most crucial point to note in this debate would be the violation of the Human Rights Act 1998. Article 2 of the Act provides that everyone has a right to live and it is the positive duty on public authorities to protect the lives of individuals. Hence, by Re A being decided as such in year 2000, isn’t it a clear violation of the HRA 1998? In another words, common law defence of necessity prevails over an Act of Parliament? Where then, is the Supremacy of British Parliament?